TAG Ground Courses Performance Based Navigation (PBN) & GNSS / e-Learning


Performance Based Navigation (PBN) & GNSS / e-Learning

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Performance Based Navigation (PBN) & GNSS / e-Learning

Performance Based Navigation (PBN) & GNSS / e-Learning

The ground school course is designed to provide pilots with the required theoretical knowledge to fly GNSS approaches safely.
Before starting RNAV (GPS/GNSS) approach or LPV approach practical training of the pilot must be qualified to fly RNAV1 (P-RNAV) arrivals and departures in accordance with OM-D and also to fly Overlay approaches. It is permissible to combine these courses so that a pilot receives all the required elements of each course and therefore qualifies for RNAV (GPS/GNSS) approached and LPV approaches concurrently.


The ground school requirements for both RNAV (GPS/GNSS) approach and LPV approach training are covered as part of the Performance Based Navigation (PBN) e-learning ground school course as follows: 

  • Regulatory Requirements
  • Concepts of PBN (Specifications, Infrastructure, Applications)
  • PBN/RNP/RNAV Terms and Definitions
  • PBN Performance by Phase of Flight
  • PBN Benefits and Requirements  (Navigational Equipment/Qualifications)
  • RNP & RNAV Concepts and Benefits
  • RNP Accuracy Requirements
  • On-board Performance Monitoring and Alerting
  • RNP and RNAV Utilisation (RNP 1,2,4,5,10,APCH, AR APCH, A-RNP)
  • GNSS Concepts
  • GNSS Accuracy and Errors




  • GNSS Accuracy Improvement Systems (SBAS/GBAS) and Coverage
  • RAIM Concept
  • PBN Airspace Requirements
  • RNP Approach Procedures and Terminology (LPV, APV, LP, VNAV)
  • Regulatory Requirements for RNP Approach Operations
  • RNP Approach Considerations including path terminator definitions
  • Temperature Compensation
  • FMS Procedures
  • Operational Procedures and Contingencies
  • Helicopter Point-in-Space (PinS) Arrivals    
  • Approach Chart Characteristics